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    • 2015/02/21
    • الصف الثانى الثانوى
    • لغة إنجليزية

الإجابة النموذجية بواسطة فريق عمل الأضواء

 

How do we use the Past Perfect Tense?

The Past Perfect tense expresses action in the past before another action in the past. This is the past in the past. For example:

  • The train left at 9am. We arrived at 9:15am. When we arrived, the train had left.

The train had left when we arrived.

past

present

future

Train leaves in the past at 9:00

 

 

 

   

 

 

9:00

9:15

 

We arrive in the past

at 9:15

 

 

Look at some more examples:

  • I wasn't hungry. I had just eaten.
  • They were hungry. They had not eaten for five hours.
  • I didn't know who he was. I had never seen him before.
  • "Mary wasn't at home when I arrived." / "Really? Where had she gone?"

You can sometimes think of the Past Perfect tense like the Present Perfect tense, but instead of the time being now the time is before.

 

have
done

 

 

had
done

 

 

 

 

past

present

future

For example, imagine that you arrive at the station at 9:15am. The stationmaster says to you:

  • "You are too late. The train has left."

Later, you tell your friends:

  • "We were too late. The train had left."

We often use the Past Perfect in reported speech after verbs like: said, told, asked, thought, wondered

Look at these examples:

  • He told us that the train had left.
  • I thought I had met her before, but I was wrong.
  • He explained that he had closed the window because of the rain.
  • I wondered if I had been there before.
  • I asked them why they had not finished.

 

For more information:

Refer to New Gem Book

2 Secondary  – Term 2 – Unit 11 – Page 48

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