الان اصبحت مذاكرة قواعد اللغة الانجليزية ( Grammar ) اسهل حيث وفرنا مجموعة من المراجعات النهائية لصفوف المرحلة الثانوية مقسمة علي عدة اجزاء كالنالي :
We can use relative clauses to join two English sentences, or to give more information about something:
- I bought a new car. It is very fast.
- I bought a new car that is very fast.
- She lives in NewYork. She likes living in New York.
- She lives in NewYork, which she likes most.
Relative clauses are starting with the relative pronouns:
(a) Who = that: (For subject ‘a person”)
- Emad is my friend. He uses a computer well.
- =Emad who (that) uses a computer well is my friend.
- = Emad, whois my friend, uses a computer well.
- This is the boy. He broke the camera.
- =This is the boy who (that) broke the camera.
(b) Who = whom = that: (For object ‘a person”)
- Hala is my sister. You met her yesterday.
- = Halawhom (who – that) you met yesterday is my sister.
- That’s the man. You are talking about.
- =that’s the man whom / who / that you are talking about.
- =that’s the man you are talking about.
- =that’s the man about whom you are talking.
(c) Which = that: (For subject or object ‘ not a person”)
- The car is so expensive. It is very fast.
- =the car which (that) is very fast is so expensive.
- “Oliver Twist” is an exciting story. I read it last week.
- =Oliver Twist which (that) I read last week is an exciting story.
- The book is useful. You read it.
- =The book (which) you read is useful.
(d) Whose: (for possession)
- My friend got high marks. Her father is a teacher.
- =my friend whose father is a teacher got high marks.
(e) Where: (for places)
- This is the house. We live in it now.
- =this is the house where we live.
(f) When: (for time)
- The summer was long and hot. I graduated from university in the summer.
- =the summer when I graduated from university was long and hot.
- The hospital which was built last year is wonderful.
= The hospital built last year, is wonderful.
- The man who is living next door is my friend.
= The man living next door is my friend.
- Ali, that is my friend, plays football well. (wrong)
Ali, who is my friend, plays football well. (Right)
This is the mobile for that I paid a lot of money. (Wrong)
This is the mobile for which I paid a lot of money. (Right)
Modals of possibility and deduction (must – can’t –might)
(a) Modals of deduction:
- Must + inf. (present).
We use (must + inf.) when we are sure about something is true:
- He was running for 2 hours. He mustbe tired.
- They hadn’t eaten all day. They must have been
- Must have + p.p. (past).
- Can’t + inf. (present).
We use (can’t + inf.) when we are sure something is not true:
- He can’t be so ill, I see him playing football.
- He looks tired today. He can’t have slept well last night.
- Can’t have + p.p. (past).
(b) Modals of possibility:
- Might + INF. (Present).
We use (might+inf.) when we think something is possibly true but we’re not sure:
- I might go to the party tonight.
- She might have taken the bus. I’m not sure how she got to work.
- Might have + p.p. (past).
أنتظروا الجزء الرابع من مراجعات قواعد الأنجليزية من بوابة الأضواء التعليمية..
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