unnamed

 

الان اصبحت مذاكرة  قواعد اللغة الانجليزية ( Grammar ) اسهل حيث وفرنا مجموعة من المراجعات النهائية لصفوف المرحلة الثانوية مقسمة علي عدة اجزاء كالنالي :

Capture

The future perfect

Form: Subject + will have + p.p.

  • I’ll have visited my relations by six o’clock.
Negative: Subject +won’t have + p.p.

  • He won’t have finished his homework by six o’clock.
Interrogative: - Wh.-word + will + subject +have + p.p.?- Will + subject +have + p.p.?

  • What will you have made by next week?
  • Will you have phoned Ali by six o’clock?
Passive: Object +will have + been + p.p.

  • He will have finished his homework by six o’clock.  (active)
  • His homework will have been finished by six o’clock.  (passive)

 

Usage:
we use the future perfect make predictions about what will be completed by some point in the future. It is usual to mention the point in time:

  • will have finished my English homework by the time my mother arrives.

Common time expressions:

Time expressions that are commonly used with the future perfect:

by + a point of time in the future
by the time
in + a point of time in the future
this time next year. month, ……
till – until – before – next


Examples:

  • By the next year, I will have known Ahmed for 5 years.
  • Ali will have lived in Alexandria for 10 years by 2018.
  • Before they come, we will have cleaned up the house.
Capture2

Passive verb forms

How the passive is formed:

  • We form the passive by using the verb to be in the same tense as the active verb followed by the past participle.
  • We can use by+ person/thing to show who does the action if this information is important.
  • the basic form is:   (new subj.) + v. to (be) + past participle
(active) (passive)
  • My brother made the bed.
  •  The bed is made by my brother.
  •  The police officer arrested the criminal at the airport.
  •  The criminal was arrested at the airport.
Capture3

The passive can be used, also, in various tenses:

tense active passive
present simple Dalia cooks dinner. Am/is/are + p.p.Dinner is cooked by Dalia.
past simple The mechanic checked the car. Was/were + p.p.The car was checked by the mechanic.
future simple Ali will finish the work by 5:00 pm. Will be +p.p.The work will be finished by 5:00 pm.
present continuous Sally is drawing a picture now. Am/is/are + being + p.p.A picture is being drawn by Sally.
past continuous The waiter was serving the customer when I came into the restaurant. Was/were + being +p.p.The customer was being served by the waiter when I came into the restaurant.
present perfect Many tourists have visited the museum. Have/has +been +p.p.The museum has been visited by many tourists.
past perfect My brother had driven this car before he received his driving license. Had +been +p.p.This car had been driven by my brother before he received his driving license.
future perfect The engineers will have completed the project before the deadline. Will have +been +p.p.The project will have been completed before the deadline.
Capture6

 

(modal verb) + be + p.p.
will – would + be + p.p.
can – could
shall – should
may – might
must – ought to

 

(active) (passive)
  • We can see that painting in the museum.
  •  =that painting can be seen in the museum
  •  You should do the task on time.
  •  =the task should be done on time.
Capture7

 

  1. A) Countable nouns:
Capture8
  • countable nouns can be singular or plural:
    • A job, a biscuit, a company.
    • Jobs, biscuits, companies.
  • we can use a/an before the singular countable nouns:
    • A (book – pen – man – bag – woman- university).
    •  An (apple – egg – orange – article- hour).
  • we can use the following words and phrases with the countable nouns:
    • (numbers, how many?, (so/not)many, (a) few)
  1. a number:

– He has two brothers and a younger sister.

  1. How many?

– How many players are there in a football team?

  1. (so/not) many:

– I don’t have many friends.
– So many students are absent today.
– Not many people go to the match.

  1. (a) few:

– I work a few hours a day.
– Few days until the beginning of the competition.

 

  1. B) Uncountable nouns:
Capture9
  • uncountable nouns cannot be plural:
    • (air, water, light, equipment, advice, information, football, history, dinner, furniture, homework, snow)
  • uncountable nouns take a singular verb:
    • Diamond is a precious metal.
    • New information will be released tonight.
    • This news is very important.
  • we can use the following words and phrases with the countable nouns:
    • (How much? (so/not)much, (a) little).
  1. How much?

– How much homework do you take every day?

  1. (so/not) much:

– There was so much pollution in the air.
– There is not much food in the fridge.

  1. (a) little:

– She needs a little salt to cook lunch.
– They had little furniture. They are very poor.

 Notes:

  1. little, a little, few, a few:
  • a little or little + uncountable noun
  • a few or few + a plural countable noun
  • a little and a few mean ‘some’. Little and few have negative meanings. They also mean a small amount, but the amount is almost nothing.
    • I need a little money.        =  I need some money.
    • I need little money.           = I need hardly any money.
    • a few friends visited me.  = some friends visited me.
    • Few friends visited me.    = hardly any friends visited me.
  • a piece of furniture.
  • a slice of cheese.
  • a glass of juice.
  • a bar of chocolate.
  • Have you got any sugar?                 (question)
  • I haven’t got any pens.                     (negative)
  • I ‘m looking for some information.    (uncountable noun)
  • Some boys went to the park.           (countable noun)
  • I have a lot/ lots of biscuits.              (countable noun)
  • She bought a lot/ lots of meat.          (uncountable noun)

 

أنتظروا الجزء الخامس من مراجعات قواعد الأنجليزية من بوابة الأضواء التعليمية..

إقرأ أيضاً :

مراجعة نهائية لأهم قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمرحلة الثانوية الجزء الثالث

مراجعة نهائية لأهم قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمرحلة الثانوية الجزء الثاني

مراجعة نهائية لأهم قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للمرحلة الثانوية الجزء الأول