الان اصبحت مذاكرة قواعد اللغة الانجليزية ( Grammar ) اسهل حيث وفرنا مجموعة من المراجعات النهائية لصفوف المرحلة الثانوية مقسمة علي عدة اجزاء كالنالي :
The past perfect continuous
- The past perfect continuous is usually used to describe long duration of an activity or an activity interrupted by another past event:
- The past perfect continuous is used to talk about a past action started and continued up to a certain point in the past. in this case we use expressions of duration such as (for an hour, for three years) :
- The form of the past perfect continuous:
- He was tired because he had been playing tennis for hours.
- He had been watching TV for an hour when the doorbell rang.
- The boys had been playing games for half an hour when their parents arrived home.
- It had been snowing hard for several hours and the streets were very icy.
had + been +v-ing
|I had been playing.||I had not been playing.||Had you been playing?|
|They had been playing.||They had not been playing.||Had they been playing?|
- Keywords: (since, for, how long, before, until).
– Ahmed had been trying to answer the questions for an hour before he finally asked for help.
- We use these verbs with the past perfect continuous:
(Wait / do / study / live / work / stay / play / watch / sleep / paint / read / write / talk / run / walk / travel)
- They had been travelling for an hour before they arrived.
- He was very exhausted when he arrived home. He had been walking for three hours.
- State verbs are not usually used in the past perfect continuous (know / own / love / hate / like / belong to / have / forget / remember / be /believe / think).
- This car had belonged to me since I inherited it four years ago. (Not: this car had been belonging ….)
- They had believed that their team was the best before it lost the final match.
|form||will be +v-ing||I’ll be sleeping at 11 pm tomorrow.|
|negative||won’t be +v-ing||I won’t be working at 5 pm tomorrow.|
|interrogative||Will + subj + be +v-ing…?||Will he be waiting for you at this time next Sunday?|
- For actions which will be in progress at a stated future time.
– Don’t go out at 11.pm as it’ll be still raining at this time.
- For actions which will definitely happen in the future as a result of a routine or arrangement (instead of present continuous).
– I’ll be visiting my relatives on Friday.
(I visit my relatives every Friday – it’s part of my routine)
- When we ask politely about people’s arrangements to see if they can do something for us or because we want to offer to do something for them.
– Will they be going to the supermarket? Can they buy me some groceries?
- We use may be + v-ing to refer to future events or trends which are possible but not certain:
– It is thought that many more people may be living in Mars in the next 50 years.
- It’s not so different from reported statements.
- The tense changes are the same, and we keep the question word.
- We need to change the grammar to a normal positive sentence.
- When transforming questions, check whether you have to change:
- place and time expressions
- reporting verb
|say / say to||ask||we have another verbs like:Wanted to know / inquired / didn’t know / wondered / can (could) you tell me…….?|
|says / says to||asks|
|said / said to||asked|
|ask / want to know +||wh./if +||subject +||verb +||…………………||(.)|
|I asked him||what||he||thought||of my new suit||.|
Direct: She said to him, “what’s your favorite sport?”
Indirect: She asked him what his favorite sport was.
Direct: She said to me, “where do you live?”
Indirect: She asked me where i lived.
Direct: They said to me, “Do you have a pen?”
Indirect: They asked me if/whether I had a pen.
- When the question starts with can / could you tell me, it is a direct question and we should add (?) at the end of the question.
– Can / could you tell me what your favorite sport is?
– Do you know when the film starts?
- When the question expresses general facts or has just been said, we do not change tenses
– The teacher asked just now if I bring my books.
- If we have a statement and a question we change both.
– He said, “I bought two tickets for the match. Do you want to watch it?”
– He said that he had bought two tickets for the match and asked if I wanted to watch it.
- We can add to + inf after where / what / who / whether if the subject before the reporting verb is the same one between inverted commas.
– He asked me, “Where can I find the car keys?”
– He asked me where he could find the car keys. Or He asked me where to find the car keys.
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