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الان اصبحت مذاكرة  قواعد اللغة الانجليزية ( Grammar ) اسهل حيث وفرنا مجموعة من المراجعات النهائية لصفوف المرحلة الثانوية مقسمة علي عدة اجزاء كالنالي :

Capture

The past perfect continuous

  • The past perfect continuous is usually used to describe long duration of an activity or an activity interrupted by another past event:
  • The past perfect continuous is used to talk about a past action started and continued up to a certain point in the past. in this case we use expressions of duration such as (for an hour, for three years) :
  • The form of the past perfect continuous:
  1. He was tired because he had been playing tennis for hours.
  2. He had been watching TV for an hour when the doorbell rang.
  1. The boys had been playing games for half an hour when their parents arrived home.
  2. It had been snowing hard for several hours and the streets were very icy.

had + been +v-ing

affirmative negative interrogative
I had been playing. I had not been playing. Had you been playing?
They had been playing. They had not been playing. Had they been playing?
  • Keywords: (since, for, how long, before, until).

– Ahmed had been trying to answer the questions for an hour before he finally asked for help.

Notes:

  • We use these verbs with the past perfect continuous:

(Wait / do / study / live / work / stay / play / watch / sleep / paint / read / write / talk / run / walk / travel)

  1. They had been travelling for an hour before they arrived.
  2. He was very exhausted when he arrived home. He had been walking for three hours.
  • State verbs are not usually used in the past perfect continuous (know / own / love / hate / like / belong to / have / forget / remember / be /believe / think).
  1. This car had belonged to me since I inherited it four years ago. (Not: this car had been belonging ….)
  2. They had believed that their team was the best before it lost the final match.

 

 

 

 Capture2

 Future continuous:

form will be +v-ing I’ll be sleeping at 11 pm tomorrow.
negative  won’t be +v-ing I won’t be working at 5 pm tomorrow.
interrogative Will + subj + be +v-ing…? Will he be waiting for you at this time next Sunday?
  • usage:
  • For actions which will be in progress at a stated future time.

– Don’t go out at 11.pm as it’ll be still raining at this time.

  • For actions which will definitely happen in the future as a result of a routine or arrangement (instead of present continuous).

– I’ll be visiting my relatives on Friday.

(I visit my relatives every Friday – it’s part of my routine)

  • When we ask politely about people’s arrangements to see if they can do something for us or because we want to offer to do something for them.

– Will they be going to the supermarket? Can they buy me some groceries?

  • We use may be + v-ing to refer to future events or trends which are possible but not certain:

– It is thought that many more people may be living in Mars in the next 50 years.

Capture3

Reported questions:

  • It’s not so different from reported statements.
  • The tense changes are the same, and we keep the question word.
  • We need to change the grammar to a normal positive sentence.
  • When transforming questions, check whether you have to change:
    • pronouns
    • place and time expressions
    • reporting verb
direct indirect indirect
say / say to ask we have another verbs like:Wanted to know / inquired / didn’t know / wondered / can (could) you tell me…….?
says / says to asks
said / said to asked

 

ask / want to know + wh./if + subject + verb + ………………… (.)
I asked him what he thought of my new suit .

Direct:  She said to him, “what’s your favorite sport?”

Indirect:  She asked him what his favorite sport was.

Direct:  She said to me, “where do you live?”

Indirect:  She asked me where i lived.

Direct:   They said to me, “Do you have a pen?”

Indirect:  They asked me if/whether I had a pen.

Notes:

  • When the question starts with can / could you tell me, it is a direct question and we should add   (?) at the end of the question.

– Can / could you tell me what your favorite sport is?

– Do you know when the film starts?

  • When the question expresses general facts or has just been said, we do not change tenses

– The teacher asked just now if I bring my books.

  • If we have a statement and a question we change both.

– He said, “I bought two tickets for the match. Do you want to watch it?”

– He said that he had bought two tickets for the match and asked if I wanted to watch it.

  • We can add to + inf after where / what / who / whether if the subject before the reporting verb is the same one between inverted commas.

– He asked me, “Where can I find the car keys?”

– He asked me where he could find the car keys.      Or     He asked me where to find the car keys.

أنتظروا الجزء السادس من مراجعات قواعد الأنجليزية من بوابة الأضواء التعليمية..

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